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Join Us for the 2014 and 2015 Empathic Therapy Conferences

See Dr. Peter Breggin's Center for the Study of Empathic Therapy site to learn about and sign up for our upcoming Empathic Therapy Conferences!  We have a conference in Syracuse, NY, coming in the fall of 2014, and a conference upcoming Spring of 2015 in Michigan!  Sign up early--these conferences sell out~

A Project of the Empathic Therapy Center

ToxicPsychiatry.org is an online library and newspaper project of the 501c3 nonprofit Center for the Study of Empathic Therapy, Education & Living, founded by Peter R. Breggin, MD and Ginger Breggin, working toward replacing the biological theories, diagnoses and treatments of "modern" psychiatry with better therapeutic and educational approaches

Peter R. Breggin, MD Websites

Lithium is a toxic metal with no known function in the body--Peter R. Breggin MDLithium

Lithium "is a toxic metal with no known function in the body....it interferes with nerve transmission in general, slowing down the responses to the brain." "Consistent with its toxic effects on the nervous system, lithium causes a tremor in 30-50 percent of patients. Tremors can be a warning sign of impending serious toxicity of the brain, especially if it occurs along with other danger signals, such as memory dysfunction, reduced concentration, slowed thinking, confusion, disorientation, difficulty walking, slurred speech, blurred vision, ringing in the ears, nausea, vomiting and headache. Muscle aches and twitches, weakness, lethargy and thirst are other common signs of lithium toxicity. In the late stages of lithium toxicity, the patient may become delirious and succumb to seizures and coma. EEG studies indicate an abnormal slowing of brain waves in a significant portion of patients routinely treated with lithium; the condition worsens with toxicity."  (for complete information see Dr. Breggin's medical text Brain Disabling Treatments in Psychiatry Second Edition.)