A Project of the Empathic Therapy Center is an online library and newspaper project of the 501c3 nonprofit Center for the Study of Empathic Therapy, Education & Living, founded by Peter R. Breggin, MD and Ginger Breggin, working toward replacing the biological theories, diagnoses and treatments of "modern" psychiatry with better therapeutic and educational approaches

Peter R. Breggin, MD Websites

Human Experimentation: News, Laws and Psychiatric History


"2 UC Davis neurosurgeons accused of experimental surgery are banned from human research," By Marjie Lundstrom, The Sacramento Bee, Jul. 22, 2012, Page 1A

A prominent UC Davis neurosurgeon was banned from performing medical research on humans after he and an underling were accused of experimenting on dying brain cancer patients without university permission, The Bee has learned.

Dr. J. Paul Muizelaar, who earns more than $800,000 a year as chairman of the department of neurological surgery, was ordered last fall to "immediately cease and desist" from any research involving human subjects, according to documents obtained by The Bee.

Also banned was the colleague, Dr. Rudolph J. Schrot, an assistant professor and neurosurgeon who has worked under Muizelaar the past 13 years.

The university has admitted to the federal government that the surgeons' actions amounted to "serious and continuing noncompliance" with federal regulations.  Read more here.


"A long shadow: Nazi doctors, moral vulnerability and contemporary medical culture" by Alessandra Colaianni, Journal of Medical Ethics, 2012
ABSTRACT: More than 7% of all German physicians became members of the Nazi SS during World War II, compared with less than 1% of the general population. In so doing, these doctors willingly participated in genocide, something that should have been antithetical to the values of their chosen profession. The participation of physicians in torture and murder both before and after World War II is a disturbing legacy seldom discussed in medical school, and underrecognised in contemporary medicine. Is there something inherent in being a physician that promotes a transition from healer to murderer? With this historical background in mind, the author, a medical student, defines and reflects upon moral vulnerabilities still endemic to contemporary medical culture.


American Medical Association Publishes "Policy Forum" Paper Asking if Clinical Trial Participation Should be Forced 

American Medical Association Journal of Ethics

"Should Participation in Vaccine Clinical Trials be Mandated?" by Susanne Sheehy, BM BCh, MRCP, DTM&H, and Joel Meyer, BM BCh, MRCP

"If a concerted effort were made to increase public awareness of the success of vaccination, the potential of novel vaccines to improve global health drastically, and the important contribution that individuals can make by volunteering for studies, perhaps mandatory enrollment would not even need to be considered."


"U.S. Halts Human Research at Duke" By Rick Weiss, Washington Post, May 12, 1999; Page A1
The U.S. government has temporarily shut down federally funded research on humans at Duke University Medical Center, one of the nation's largest and most prestigious medical research facilities, after federal investigators determined that the university could not ensure the safety of participants.

The suspension of Duke's federal license to conduct human research is only the fourth such move by the government in nearly a decade and appears to be the largest yet in terms of the number of studies and people affected and the amount of money at stake. The Durham, N.C., center receives about $175 million a year from the federal government for medical research, officials said.

Among the problems cited by the government in its May 10 suspension letter to Duke was an oversight committee's failure to
keep track of human studies after they began – the only way to make sure people are not being unexpectedly harmed by research – and a failure to document that special, federally mandated protections for children were in place. Read more here.


Infamous Endorsement of Anthrax Vaccine for Children
Thursday, 03 November 2011
The single National Biodefense Science Board panelist who voted against the recommendation in support of an anthrax vaccine test in children was Patricia Quinlisk, M.D., M.P.H. State Epidemiologist and Medical Director Iowa Department of Public Health, who chaired the NBSB panel. On Friday, October 28, the National Biodefense Science Board (NBSB), a government-appointed panel of "experts" voted its approval (12 to 1) for the government to proceed with an unconscionable medical experiment that would expose healthy US children to the risks of the anthrax vaccine, a vaccine which offers absolutely no direct benefit, but whose risks include serious adverse reactions such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome,  neurological disorders, disability and death.  Read more:


"Bad to the bone: A medical horror story" September 18, 2012 Fortune, CNN Money
When medical device company Synthes decided to illegally test a bone cement on people, the results were disastrous. A disturbing tale of corporate crime and punishment. 


Tremendous Landmark Kaimowitz Trial Stops Psychosurgery in Institutions Across the U.S.

The trial of Detroit, Kaimowitz v. Department of Mental Health , resulted in a three-judge panel respond to an injunction by Gabe Kaimowitz to stop experimental psychosurgery at the state hospital. The court adopted Dr. Breggin's expert testimony at the trial and stopped the psychosurgery projects. Dr. Breggin's article " Psychosurgery for political purposes " provides the best description of the Kaimowitz victory. This court decision — as well as Dr. Breggin's media appearances, publications, lectures and lobbying in the U.S. Congress — resulted in state hospitals throughout the nation giving up the practice.


Human Experimentation and Research -- Key Legal Documents

Nuremberg Code -- Directives for Human Experimentation

Guidelines for the Conduct of Research Involving Human Subjects at the National Institutes of Health

Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects

The Belmont Report
Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the protection ofhuman subjects of research

The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research
April 18, 1979

MORAL SCIENCE: Protecting Participants in Human Subjects Research. Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, Washington, D.C. December 2011,



"The Hidden Tragedy of the CIA's Experiments on Children," Wednesday 11 August 2010 by: H.P. Albarelli Jr. and Dr. Jeffrey S. Kaye, t r u t h o u t | Investigative Report