A Project of the Empathic Therapy Center is an online library and newspaper project of the 501c3 nonprofit Center for the Study of Empathic Therapy, Education & Living, founded by Peter R. Breggin, MD and Ginger Breggin, working toward replacing the biological theories, diagnoses and treatments of "modern" psychiatry with better therapeutic and educational approaches

Peter R. Breggin, MD Websites

Issues Relating to Children and Violence


Children and Television Exposure


Childhood and Adolescent Television Viewing and Antisocial Behavior in Early Adulthood L. Robertson, MPH, et al Pediatrics 2013;131:439–446
Excessive television viewing in childhood and adolescence
is associated with increased antisocial behavior in early adulthood.  The findings are consistent with a causal association and support the American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation that children should watch no more than 1 to 2 hours of television each day.


Modifying Media Content for Preschool Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Christakis, MD MPH, et al Pediatrics 2013;131:431–438
An intervention to reduce exposure to screen violence
and increase exposure to prosocial programming can positively impact child behavior.

Pediatricians and Television: It’s Time to Rethink Our Messaging and Our Efforts, C. McCarthy, MD, Pediatrics, March 2013
This editorial states that studies have proven that televison can be very bad for children--including contributing to overweight issues, interfering with executive function, increasing risk of attentional problems. Content that includes sex can encourage earlier sexual activity. Content that exposes children to violence can make them more aggressive.  The author states it is not enough to call for limiting television exposure.  Society must call for appropriate, prosocial programing for children which can in turn become beneficial.


Maternal Characteristics and Perception of Temperament Associated With Infant TV Exposure A. Thompson, PhD, MPH et al
Maternal perception of infant temperament dimensions is related to TV exposure, suggesting that infant temperament measures should be included in interventions aimed at limiting early TV.